What is Product Management?

Product management refers to the organizational role that deals with overseeing the entire process and lifecycle of a product. From conception to development to getting the product on the shelves, the product management process ensures that everything runs the way it’s supposed to.

This entire process takes place in multiple stages and spreads across various roles and departments within a company. In the end, however, the goal of product management is to ensure that the product that the customer gets is the best possible version of itself. Accomplishing this goal will also help the company reach its objective of maximizing profitability.

A Definition of Product Management

The main objective of product management is to develop new products that are more competitive than what is already available on the market. This can be achieved by providing better value to customers, or by solving problems more efficiently than current alternative products. Often, a unique selling point will also help a product stand out from the crowd.

The customer’s reaction to the product, along with sales figures, will ultimately determine its success. Every product has an objective, and every organization has a product manager to ensure these objectives are met.

Bear in mind that product management is not just about what features to include. Knowing what to leave out is just as important. As a result, the job also involves many elimination decisions throughout the process.

Product management is a multidisciplinary field that involves a lot of collaboration and communication. The journey from the creation of a product to its distribution into the market is a complex process. It requires the coordination of multiple departments, teams, data, and business systems.

In order for this process to run as efficiently as possible, it needs to be closely monitored. Everything needs organizing and planning ahead of time.

The primary focus of Product Management is the end user. In order to create a competitive product on the market, the needs of the customer must be considered. Solutions must be tailored to them every step of the way.

The 4 Stages of Product Management

There are 4 stages in the product management process, each one with its own set of objectives:

  1. Vision Development: The strategy development begins at this stage by discussing an idea that might develop into a new product. A product vision answers questions like: What are the problems that can be solved by the product? How can the success of the product be measured?
  2. Strategy Development: Product managers create a realistic strategy for achieving a vision. A product strategy defines the key product features, the users of the product and their needs, along with the key performance indicators (KPIs) that should be met by the product.
  3. Product Development: It begins by defining the product’s technical specifications, developing prototypes, and creating a mock design of the final product. The technical specifications are written by the Product Manager, whose aim is to identify the needs of the users and communicate them to the development team.
  4. Sales and Marketing: Once the final product is ready to enter the market, the plans concerning marketing, launch, and advertising are finalized. The success of a product can be determined by parameters like sales, customer satisfaction, and feedback. The Product Manager keeps track of these metrics and analyzes them. The findings are reported to the Product Marketing Manager to further improve sales.

Careers in Product Management

Product management is a growing field that pays well, depending on your specific role. Some of the most common titles in Product Management include:

  • Associate Product Manager
  • Senior Product Manager
  • VP of Product

What Does a Product Manager Do?

The responsibilities of a product manager will vary by company. Usually, there are four factors that will impact the responsibilities that a product manager has:

  • The size of the company
  • The industry the company is in
  • The type of products the company is selling
  • The product’s target market

All these elements work together to help a product manager determine their responsibilities. If a business is larger in size, they will usually have the resources to set up a product management team. If the business is smaller, the role may be limited to one person who ensures the process runs smoothly.

For the most part, however, a product manager will focus on the following tasks:

  • Conducting research on subjects like the target market, the competition, and user preferences
  • Using this research to develop strategic plans for the product, like a product roadmap along with a rough timeline
  • Communicating plans to key stakeholders in the organization
  • Coordinating with different teams once the strategic plan is approved
  • Data analysis and taking action on user feedback once the product has been launched

How Much Do Product Managers Make?

Product management is a growing field that is highly sought-after. Fortunately, it’s also a job that can pay very well. The salary of a product manager can depend on a variety of factors:

  • Experience
  • Education
  • Location
  • Industry
  • Company

Generally, the pay range for a product manager in the US is anywhere between $67,315 and $124,420.

What Skills Does a Product Manager Need?

Being a product manager is a difficult job that requires an extensive set of hard and soft skills. The good news is that both types of product management skills can be developed, either through schooling or personal development.

Hard skills: Hard skills are those measurable skills that are job specific. Some hard skills that product managers need to have include:

  • Negotiation
  • Prioritization
  • Data analysis
  • Market research
  • User testing
  • Road map planning

Soft skills: Soft skills refer to your personality traits that determine how well you work by yourself and with others. Some soft skills that product managers need to have include:

  • Leadership
  • Attention to detail
  • Communication
  • Problem-solving
  • Time management
  • Teamwork and collaboration
  • Adaptability

To investigate your options for a successful career in Product Management, you must first understand what Product Management is and whether one has an acumen that takes to be a Product Manager. Product Management’s goal is to deliver and accept innovations while also driving corporate growth. Product management is concerned with overseeing a product’s complete lifecycle.

With a remarkable number of vacancies across many industries and domains, this organisational function has expanded in prominence by leaps and bounds. The importance of Product Management is backed up by the fact that it has a significant impact on a product’s success. The compensation of a Product Manager is one of the highest in the industry due to significant market demand.

Given that product management is at the crossroads of business, technology, and user experience, it’s understandable that they got to know a lot and do a lot. This is correct, however it does not inform you what they do on a daily basis. It may appear that product management is in charge of everything from vision to strategy to design to execution, but they aren’t.

In truth, none of them are truly owned by product management. Product management, on the other hand, is responsible for driving each of these areas of concentration and collaborating with other teams to curate the finest ideas, create targets, and establish a process.

In most cases, Product Management’s goal is to oversee a product’s development from conception through delivery. Professionals in product management are primarily concerned with the following:

  1. Conducting Research: Gathering information on user personas, the company’s market, and competitors through research.
  2. Communication of Plans: Developing strategic plans based on the product roadmap and presenting them to important stakeholders such as investors, executives, development teams, and others.
  3. Building Strategy: Aligning the Product Management strategy and plans with the industry expertise gained by the Product Managers, such as goals and objectives, a broad perspective, a schedule, and so on.
  4. Coordinating Development: Putting the plan into action by working with other members of the team, such as development, marketing, and management, as well as other key stakeholders.
  5. Acting on Feedback: The Product Management process includes learning about feedback and data analysis after the product has been planned, built, tested, and delivered to the market.

Product management, in its most basic form, is the process of overseeing a product from conception to eventual retirement. This includes everything from developing a product strategy and roadmap to collaborating with stakeholders to ensure that the product meets their needs, supervising the product’s development and launch, tracking its success (or lack thereof), and making changes as needed.


  1. A good product manager must have a diverse set of skills and knowledge in business, marketing, technology, and user experience.
  2. They must be able to think strategically, make quick decisions, and manage multiple tasks at the same time.
  3. They must be able to do all of this while focusing on the end goal: developing a successful product that meets the needs of its users.

There are a few things you can do to prepare yourself if you want to become a product manager.

  1. To begin, gain as much experience as possible in as many different areas of product development as possible. Working on a team that develops software products, conducting market research, or designing and conducting user tests could all fall under this category.
  2. Know the business and technology trends, as well as the various tools and techniques used in product management.
  3. Finally, networking is essential – attend industry events, network with other product managers, and participate in online forums and groups.