Human resources (HR) is the division of a company responsible for locating, screening, hiring, and training job candidates, as well as administering employee benefit programs. In the twenty-first century, HR plays a critical role in assisting businesses in dealing with a rapidly changing business climate and a higher demand for quality personnel. HR departments were not created until the nineteenth century, and they were responsible for resolving disagreements between employees and their employers. An HR department, regardless of the size of the company, is a necessary component of any corporation. An HR department’s job is to increase employee productivity while also protecting the organization from any problems that develop in the workplace. Compensation and benefits, recruitment, firing, and maintaining records are all part of HR’s responsibilities. They also have to ensure that the policies and procedures of the company adhere to the laws laid down by the state and central government.