What is htaccess? Why do we use it and where?

The.htaccess files are Apache Server configuration files that allow you to perform per-directory configuration modifications. A file with one or more configuration directives is placed in a specific document directory; the directives apply to that directory and all of its subdirectories.

These.htaccess files are used to modify the Apache web server’s functionality and capabilities.

Consider the following example:

For URL rewriting, the.htaccess file is utilized.

It’s used to secure the site using a password.

It can block certain IP addresses from accessing the site, preventing it from being accessed.