What is Algorithmic computer languages?

Algorithmic languages are designed to express mathematical or symbolic computations. They can express algebraic operations in notation similar to mathematics and allow the use of subprograms that package commonly used operations for reuse. They were the first high-level languages.


The first important algorithmic language was [FORTRAN(formula translation), designed in 1957 by an [IBM team led by [John Backus. It was intended for scientific computations with [real numbersand collections of them organized as one- or multidimensional arrays. Its control structures included conditional IF statements, repetitive loops (so-called DO loops), and a GOTO statement that allowed nonsequential execution of program code. FORTRAN made it convenient to have subprograms for common mathematical operations, and built libraries of them FORTRAN was also designed to translate into efficient machine language. It was immediately successful and continues to evolve.