What is a condition and why does it matter?

In Excel, a condition determines the expression of the values stating either it is true or false. The expression could be a function that determines if the value entered in a cell is of numeric or text data type, if a value is greater than, equal to or less than a specified value, etc.


=IF(logical_test, [value_if_true], [value_if_false])
=OR(logical1, [logical2], …)