What are the features of NodeJS?

Node.js is actually a runtime environment which is based on Chrome’s V8 JavaScript Engine. It is not a framework or a library. Node.js is a platform built on Chrome’s JavaScript runtime for easily building fast and scalable network applications. Node.js uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model that makes it lightweight and efficient, perfect for data-intensive real-time applications that run across distributed devices. Key features of NodeJS are:

  • Very Fast − As, Node.js is built on Google Chrome’s V8 JavaScript Engine, it is very quick in code execution.
  • Asynchronous − In Node.js, all the APIs are asynchronous, that is, non-blocking. It essentially means a Node.js based server never waits for an API to return data. The server moves to the next API after calling it and a notification mechanism of Events of Node.js helps the server to get a response from the previous API call.
  • Single Threaded but Highly Scalable − Node.js uses a single threaded model with event looping. Event mechanism helps the server to respond in a non-blocking way and makes the server highly scalable as opposed to traditional servers which create limited threads to handle requests. Node.js uses a single threaded program and the same program can provide service to a much larger number of requests than traditional servers like Apache HTTP Server.