What are the components of NLP?

Following are the components of Natural Language Processing:

  • Morphological and Lexical Analysis: Lexical analysis is the study of a vocabulary’s words and expressions. It depicts the analysis, identification, and description of word structure. It entails breaking down a text into paragraphs, words, and sentences.
  • Semantic Analysis: The syntactic analyzer creates a framework called semantic analysis, which gives meanings to words. This component converts word sequences into structures in a linear fashion. It demonstrates how the words are related to one another.
  • Pragmatic Analysis: The overall communicative and social content, as well as its impact on interpretation, are the focus of pragmatic analysis. It refers to the process of abstracting or extracting the meaning of a situation’s use of language. The main focus in this study was always on what was said and reinterpreted on what was meant.
  • Syntax Analysis: Words are widely considered to be the smallest units of syntax. The principles and rules that control the sentence construction of any given language are referred to as syntax.
  • Discourse Integration: It denotes a grasp of the situation. The meaning of any single statement is determined by the preceding sentences. It also considers the meaning of the following sentence.