# Minimum swaps required to bring all elements less than or equal to k together

Hello Everyone,

Given an array of n positive integers and a number k . Find the minimum number of swaps required to bring all the numbers less than or equal to k together.

Input: arr[] = {2, 1, 5, 6, 3}, k = 3 Output: 1 Explanation: To bring elements 2, 1, 3 together, swap element ‘5’ with ‘3’ such that final array will be- arr[] = {2, 1, 3, 6, 5} Input: arr[] = {2, 7, 9, 5, 8, 7, 4}, k = 5 Output: 2

A simple solution is to first count all elements less than or equals to k (say ‘good’). Now traverse for every sub-array and swap those elements whose value is greater than k . Time complexity of this approach is O(n2)

1. Find count of all elements which are less than or equals to ‘k’. Let’s say the count is ‘cnt’
2. Using two pointer technique for window of length ‘cnt’, each time keep track of how many elements in this range are greater than ‘k’. Let’s say the total count is ‘bad’.
3. Repeat step 2, for every window of length ‘cnt’ and take minimum of count ‘bad’ among them. This will be the final answer.
• C++

`// C++ program to find minimum swaps required`

`// to club all elements less than or equals`

`// to k together`

`#include <iostream>`

`using` `namespace` `std;`

` `

`// Utility function to find minimum swaps`

`// required to club all elements less than`

`// or equals to k together`

`int` `minSwap(` `int` `*arr, ` `int` `n, ` `int` `k) {`

` `

` ` `// Find count of elements which are`

` ` `// less than equals to k`

` ` `int` `count = 0;`

` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < n; ++i)`

` ` `if` `(arr[i] <= k)`

` ` `++count;`

` `

` ` `// Find unwanted elements in current`

` ` `// window of size 'count'`

` ` `int` `bad = 0;`

` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < count; ++i)`

` ` `if` `(arr[i] > k)`

` ` `++bad;`

` `

` ` `// Initialize answer with 'bad' value of`

` ` `// current window`

` ` `int` `ans = bad;`

` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0, j = count; j < n; ++i, ++j) {`

` `

` ` `// Decrement count of previous window`

` ` `if` `(arr[i] > k)`

` ` `--bad;`

` `

` ` `// Increment count of current window`

` ` `if` `(arr[j] > k)`

` ` `++bad;`

` `

` ` `// Update ans if count of 'bad'`

` ` `// is less in current window`

` ` `ans = min(ans, bad);`

` ` `}`

` ` `return` `ans;`

`}`

` `

`// Driver code`

`int` `main() {`

` `

` ` `int` `arr[] = {2, 1, 5, 6, 3};`

` ` `int` `n = ` `sizeof` `(arr) / ` `sizeof` `(arr);`

` ` `int` `k = 3;`

` ` `cout << minSwap(arr, n, k) << ` `"\n"` `;`

` `

` ` `int` `arr1[] = {2, 7, 9, 5, 8, 7, 4};`

` ` `n = ` `sizeof` `(arr1) / ` `sizeof` `(arr1);`

` ` `k = 5;`

` ` `cout << minSwap(arr1, n, k);`

` ` `return` `0;`

`}`

Output :

1
2

Time complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary space: O(1)