When human beings got tired of learning new things they made machines to do it. Now the human generation is busy on Social Media channels and Machines are Learning.
Machine Learning is basically a process or field for building algorithms which generate an intelligence based on data and pattern.
Humans beings also take decisions based on patterns. With the help of Machine Learning Human intelligence could be simulated onto machines. This way they could work under multiple conditions without any human interfere.
Suppose if we want to build an Object Detection algorithm. We would train the algorithm on millions of different object images with their name tags. This would help the algorithm know how exactly that particular thing look likes in all its instances.
After the training gets completed the algorithm would be able to detect objects in completely new images. These algorithms are typically coded in a programming language such as Python and R.