Explain SVM machine learning algorithm in detail.

(SVM) is a supervised machine learning algorithm that can be used for both classification or regression challenges. However, it is mostly used in classification problems. In the SVM algorithm, we plot each data item as a point in n-dimensional space (where n is the number of features you have) with the value of each feature being the value of a particular coordinate. Then, we perform classification by finding the hyper-plane that differentiates the two classes very well.

Support Vectors are simply the coordinates of individual observation. The SVM classifier is a frontier which best segregates the two classes (hyper-plane/ line)